If you're a diabetic, maintaining good control of your blood sugar is crucial to preventing eye damage.
Diabetic eye disease is a term for several eye problems that can all result from diabetes.
Diabetic eye disease includes:
- diabetic retinopathy,
- diabetic macular edema,
- cataract, and
Diabetic retinopathy happens when high blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels can swell and leak. Or they can close, stopping blood from passing through. Sometimes abnormal new blood vessels grow on the retina. All of these changes can steal your vision.
You can even have diabetic retinopathy and not know it because it often has no symptoms in its early stages. A
s diabetic retinopathy gets worse, you will notice symptoms such as:
- seeing an increasing number of floaters,
- having blurry vision,
- having vision that changes sometimes from blurry to clear,
- seeing blank or dark areas in your field of vision,
- having poor night vision, and
- noticing colors appear faded or washed out losing vision.
To prevent eye damage from diabetes, the Eye MD's at Mid Atlantic Eye Physicians encourage patients to maintain good control of their blood sugar and follow their primary care physician's diet and exercise plan.
If you have not had an eye exam with an ophthalmologist, it is crucial to get one now and to never skip the often required follow-up exams recommended by your ophthalmologist or Eye MD.